Artists, Philosophers and Democracy
Ancient Greece was a civilization that dominated the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea starting at around 750BCE. Greek artists made beautiful sculptures out of bronze and created wonderful plates out of clay. Their builders constructed wonderful cities with impressive monument such as the Parthenon in Athens. Their philosophers such as Plato came up with new ideas on how to organize the people living in these cities. Unlike Mesopotamians and Ancient Egyptians who had one man called a king or Pharaoh as the leader, the Greeks wanted to have all citizens be part of the government. They called that system democracy, literally "Rule of the People". The armies of the Greek city states were often at war with each other and by 330BCE they were so weak that they were invaded by the Romans.
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